Sokoine University of Agriculture

Effects of commercial chemical and microbiological products in soil on maize growth and yields

Show simple item record Kiriba, Deodatus Stanley 2017-01-26T09:13:21Z 2017-01-26T09:13:21Z 2015
dc.description.abstract A study was conducted under screenhouse and field conditions at Sokoine University of Agriculture to evaluate the effects of commercial chemical and microbiological products on growth and yields of SITUKA maize variety grown on an Ultisol soil. The study soil had medium organic matter, low available phosphorous (1.02 mg/kg) and very low extractable zinc (0.34 mg/kg) hence the soil was of medium fertility status and only moderately suitable for maize production. Commercial products evaluated were Teprosyn, P-solubilizers and N 2 -fixers, in each experiment using the randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Six treatments, namely: i.control (without commercial product and P- fertilizer), ii.commercial product alone at manufacturer’s recommended rate, iii.commercial product alone at double rate, iv.commercial product + 10 kg P ha -1 P-fertilizer, v.10 kg P ha -1 P-fertilizer and vi.20 kg P ha -1 P-fertilizer, were used. In the screenhouse, Teprosyn, P- solubilizers and N 2 -fixers did not result in significantly (P<0.05) different growth performance or biomass yields relative to those in the control. However, these products in combination with P-fertilizer (at half recommended rate) resulted in significant (P<0.05) increase in growth parameters and biomass yields. Teprosyn increased biomass yields from 0.96 g/plant (Control) to 1.89 g/plant (K 2 HPO 4 at 20 kg P ha -1 ), P-solubilizers from 1.01 g/plant (Control) to 1.71 g/plant (K 2 HPO 4 at 20 kg P ha -1 ) and N 2 -fixers from 0.95 g/plant (Control) to 2.19 g/plant (K 2 HPO 4 at 20 kg P ha -1 ). Under field experimentation, Teprosyn, P-solubilizers and N 2 -fixers had no significant (P<0.05) effect on maize growth performance. Only the P-solubilizers, either alone or in combination with P-fertilizer, produced significantly (P<0.05) higher grain yields than the control increasing grain yields from 2.04 t ha -1 (Control) to 3.53 t ha -1 (YaraMila Cereal at 20 kg P ha -1 ). It is recommended that Tanzania fertilizer regulatory authority should require manufactures to improve the quality standards of before the commercial products are accepted in the country and they should further be tested in other P-deficient soils. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Maize production en_US
dc.subject Chemical products en_US
dc.subject Microbiological products en_US
dc.subject Ultisol soil en_US
dc.subject Maize variety en_US
dc.subject Commercial products en_US
dc.title Effects of commercial chemical and microbiological products in soil on maize growth and yields en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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