Sokoine University of Agriculture

The role of butterfly farming as an economic incentive to forest conservation in the East Usambara mountain forests

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dc.contributor.author Rehema, Ng'ondya
dc.date.accessioned 2016-12-01T13:14:40Z
dc.date.available 2016-12-01T13:14:40Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/1050
dc.description.abstract Economic represents a dangerous direct and indirect threat to forests, though many people in the world understand that forests are threatened, factors in society sometimes override conservation. Subsistence communities need to find fuel, income, food and on the other hand, industries want to continually grow and to do so they often find these things in the forest. Butterfly farming demonstrates that natural resources can be used profitably in a way that protects the environment as it offers a culturally appropriate use of the land. This study empirically examined the role of butterfly farming on forest conservation; analysis was based on the data from butterfly farmers in six villages around the East Usambara Forest Reserve. Seventy households were selected randomly. Household survey questionnaire and key informant interview were used during data collection. The findings show that farmers had favourable attitudes towards forest conservation and were eager to find solutions to environmental problems. The tangible benefits farmers received helped them investing in education, assets and other necessities such as being able to access healthy services. Butterfly farming contributes about 44% to household income, however, markets, diseases and predators pose threat to the development of the activity. Unlike most other types of agriculture which are dependent upon cleared forest for planting crops or grazing cattle, butterfly farming requires intact forest thus promoting forest conservation in the area. Detailed research is recommended on the role of other factors in forest conservation and/or impact of butterfly farming to the butterfly wild populations. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject butterfly farming en_US
dc.subject forest conservation en_US
dc.subject conservation in the East Usambara en_US
dc.subject Usambara Mountain en_US
dc.subject Mountain forests. en_US
dc.subject forests. en_US
dc.title The role of butterfly farming as an economic incentive to forest conservation in the East Usambara mountain forests en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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